Hinges are the essential hardware that allows doors to pivot on one edge as they open and close. They are found on virtually all doors in a home, from the main entry door to the door on the medicine cabinet in the bathroom to the gate on a landscape fence. Hinges can also be found on a variety of storage chests, ornamental boxes, and other decorative containers.
There are many different types of hinges designed for different uses. Some are sturdy hardware items that must hold up the heavy weight of a large entry door that opens and closes thousands of times over the lifetime of the door. Other hinges are found on decorative items and are used only occasionally, but they must fit the style of a chest or cabinet.
How Hinges Work
Most types of hinges comprise three basic parts: the leaf, knuckle and pin. When joined together, they create limited rotational movement.
Types of Door Hinges
When it comes time to upgrade a front door, build new kitchen cabinets, or even fix a toy box, homeowners have a wide range of hinge styles to choose from.
Strap hinges offer an attractive way to hang gates and very large doors, like those on a barn or similarly styled entrances. Constructed of all types of materials, from stainless steel to brass, they can be merely functional or elaborately decorative. Strap hinges are produced in heavy-duty, light-duty, and even purely ornamental varieties known as dummy strap hinges.
Butt hinges, or mortise hinges, are commonly found on residential doors. Generally used in sets of threes or fours, they are mortised into both the door and frame, and joined together with a pin that may or may not be removable.
Ball Bearing Hinge
The ball bearing hinge has lubricated bearings between the hinge’s knuckles to reduce friction caused by heavy doors. These durable hinges are ideal for heavy entryway doors or those that sustain frequent use.
Spring-Loaded Butt Hinge
To assure a door closes behind you, use a spring-loaded butt hinge. Often used on screen doors, you can calibrate these hinges to open or close with varying degrees of tension.
For specialty woodworking projects, like a box or small cabinet, use the barrel hinge. This small hinge is ideal for projects where you want the hinge concealed from view. To install, simply drill holes the right size to accommodate the barrels and insert the hinge. Typically made of brass, barrel hinges are not designed for load-bearing applications.
Concealed hinges are most often used on cabinet and furniture doors. As the name suggests, they cannot be seen from the exterior of the cabinet. Concealed hinges can be self-closing and are generally fully adjustable in pitch and roll by means of two screws on each hinge.
Also known as a continuous hinge, the piano hinge gets its name from its original use on long piano lids. Piano hinges, however, are not just for pianos anymore. They are excellent anywhere a long hinge is needed, like on a storage bench or toy box.
An offset hinge allows you to widen a doorway easily and inexpensively. The hinge swings away and moves the door out of the opening, increasing the passage’s width by up to two inches in some cases. Those few inches are a big deal if you’re trying to create more comfortable access for a wheelchair or walker.
Hidden Barrel Hinge
A hidden, or concealed, barrel hinge is an outstanding choice for attaching lids to boxes. Just drill the proper size hole and insert the hinge. When the box is closed, the hinge is completely invisible from either side.
A scissor hinge can either lift up or drop down, and is used to control the opening of cabinet fronts as well as lids on things like cedar chests, hampers, tool chests, and radiator covers. The hinge opens and holds at a predetermined angle, requiring the application of pressure to close again.
Inset Hinge vs. Offset Hinge
Inset hinge doors are designed so that the door can fit seamlessly within the frame of the door or cabinet. This way, the door fits flush with the face of the structure when the door is closed.
This also means that the door will require a knob or pull on the front in order to open the door. This is one of the more expensive design features, though gives a very attractive and neat appearance to your space.
Offset hinge doors or overlay hinge doors are very similar in appearance, though the door does not lay flush with the frame of the door or cabinet. The overlay door will lay slightly above, removing the neat flush design.
This is a cheaper option and also allows for more storage space within the compartment. This option also does not require a knob or a pull, as there is enough space to pul the door away.
Door Hinges vs. Cabinet Hinges
Door hinges and cabinet hinges work in much the same way, but cabinet hinges perform their task on a much smaller scale.
- Cabinet hinges are only sturdy enough to support the weight and movement of a cabinet door.
- Door hinges feature a durable design that opens even the heaviest entry doors on an easy, sturdy swing with anywhere from two to four hinges.
Both cabinet and door hinges can be surface or mortise hinges, so learning about all types of door hinges will help you replace the hardware throughout your home.
The Best Door Hinges in 2021:
Amazon Basics door hinge is one of the finest steel-made and most chosen rounded hinges of all time. This price-efficient and durable product can be mounted on any wooden door frame in a residential house with the specialty of enabling the door to open and enclose with just a little push.
The pack of 18 hinges with screws and a manual instruction guide brings it to a more reliable human interaction. Apart from spherical barrels that allow it to move, a few holes inside are used as nut anchors that work as connectors to fit in the door frame with a radius of 3 ½ inches.
Design House door hinge is known for its excellent functionality and competence. This unique 3-pack door hinge comes with an oil-rubbed back finish along with a steel-based construction to support residential doors even during the toughest of conditions. This 3.5″ hinge has a radius corner of 5″ to 8″ and can be mounted to the door frame by following a hassle-free installation process.
Besides, the company also offers a year-long official warranty for the product, which is a great way to secure trust from customers around the globe. In addition, the set of hinges also includes mounting tools and a manual of instructions that allow this equipment to be installed without any mechanical expertise.
Made from high-quality metal content, this set of 20 hinges is an excellent choice for someone who’s looking for firm and durable cabinet door hinges. Also, the self-closing technology automatically triggers the cabinet door to shut — all this with only two screws. In addition, the matte black finish adds a bonus to the overall value of the hinges. Plus, this self-closing hinge prevents the cabinet door from smacking.
Kesler door hinges hold a pretty positive reputation in the hardware world. Unlike other hinges, their screw adjustment is equally proportional to the holes punched in and carries the radius corner of 5″ to 8″. The movement of the bearing, because of rubbed oil, is quite fluent as well.
The pack consists of 24 pieces, and each of them is ideal for lightweight doors. These door hinges do not wither away over time and never require an exchange or new screws from the market.
These high-quality door hinges from Brahmco are made of solid steel. Satin nickel finish on them provides a premium look. A robust double-layer paint material offers additional protection against any possible corrosion.
Brahmco door hinges are greased at the factory to ensure a silky smooth, squeak-free double door turning process with a smooth close. The hinges come with removable pins. They are coated, graded, and reassembled finely, which you won’t find in many other competitors.
You will get eight screws with each hinge. Six of them are standard size (3/4-inch). The rest two are large screws (1 and3/4 inch) provided for deep anchoring. Extra-long screws are effective when you want to replace the existing hardware with the same hole pattern.
The screws exactly match the color of the door hinges. There’s no deviation, so if you are uptight about aesthetics, you will not be disappointed with Brahmco.
Dynasty Hardware includes 24 high-quality steel door hinges in this package. These bronze door hinges are oil rubbed from the factory. They’ll make your door open and close smoothly without causing any disturbing sound or squeak. They can fit in doors featuring 5/8-inch radius corner hinge spaces.
The hinges are made of high-quality and robust steel to protect them from damage and last a long time without any hindrance. When you install them, you can stay worry-free of changing door hinges only after installing them.
Featuring removable pins, these hinges come with oil-rubbed wooden screws included with the pack. We recommended you use these on interior doors. They will indeed work as a meticulous detail that changes the whole look of your home. The perfect bronze color will grant a classic look to the doors. You can easily install them by yourself. You only have to attach them using the screws.
If you are looking for tough, durable hinges, then Ilyapa door hinges are perfect for you. They are heavy-duty and feature a robust structure ensuring durability.
You can get these beautifully crafted hinges for any interior door. Rigid metal and satin-nickel finish provide an elegant look to these hinges. The hinges will make an excellent addition to your doors. You won’t hear any kind of noise or squeaking from these hinges. They are easy to install as well. Mounting hardware is included as well.
You will get 18 hinges in a pack will all the necessary hardware. Smooth finishing with noiseless door operating will provide you with a satisfying experience.
Some users complained that the pins are hard to remove. Other than that, the hinges are durable, strong, and aesthetically pleasing. To round up all the features, this is one of the best hinges for heavy doors.
What are Door Hinges Made Out Of?
Door hinges can be made out of a variety of materials. Some of the most common materials include brass, copper, and steel. One of the strongest materials is residential-grade steel, which is meant to stand up to the wear and tear that comes with routine use. In addition, the hinges can often be finished with a plate of your choice. This means that people have the ability to customize a door hinge to meet their needs. Hinges can also be decorated with ornamentation to meet the style of a given room. For most applications, residential-grade steel is a good choice for door hinges.
What Size Door Hinge is Right for my Door?
In general, most homes are going to use the standard-sized hinge. This is a hinge that measures 3.5 inches by 3.5 inches. Measurements of door hinges are taken from the bottom edge of the hinge up to the top edge of the hinge. Then, the other measurement is taken from the outside edge of the hinge to the inside when the hinge is open. Those who are looking for exterior door hinges usually need a 4-inch hinge; however, this is not always the case.
What is the Radius of the Replacement Door Hinges I Need?
The radius of the door hinges is going to vary. In general, the 5/8-inch radius is most common; however, a quarter-inch radius is not far behind. In order for you to determine the radius of door hinge you need, follow these instructions. First, place a quarter at the corner of the door hinge. If the radius of the quarter matches that of the door hinge, this is a 5/8-inch radius. If you do this same technique with a dime and this is a closer approximation, this is a quarter-inch radius. If your hinges are a square shape, there is only one size and there is no need to take a measurement.
How Many Door Hinges Do I Need?
This is one of the most common questions about door hinges. To answer this question, simply take a look at the existing door and count the number of hinges that are present. In general, doors require three hinges; however, this is far from universal. Interior doors will typically require 3 separate 3.5-inch hinges. On the other hand, an exterior door is going to require 3 separate 4-inch hinges. In some cases, you might be looking for hinges that are going to go on a set of brand new doors. If you have questions about the number of hinges for new doors, talk to the company that is making the doors. They should be able to answer this question for you.